Skip to content
Top banner
Language

Kasiyana as Religious Communication among the Kankanaeys in the Philippines

ARC Admin
2024-06-11 08:02 UTC+7 58

RELIGION AND SOCIAL COMMUNICATION VOLUME 22, NO. 2 (2024)

ISSN 1686-9184

Author

Brandon Cadingpal

Abstract

Indigenous cultures have their belief systems, including the recognition of a supreme being, and with such recognition comes their moral systems, which guide how they live their lives. As for the Kankanaeys in the Cordillera Region of the Philippines, Kasiyana is one of the practices that portrays their belief in the divine and serves as a moral guide in their relationship with other people and the environment. The pervasiveness of Kasiyana in the Kankanaey cultures makes it a viable source of reflection in religious communication. Thus, the paper aims to make explicit how Kasiyana expressions and manifestations are forms of religious communication. The paper started by extracting how the COVID-19 survivor participants perceived, expressed, and manifested the Kasiyana. With the participants’ extracted manifestations of Kasiyana, the paper discussed how the Kankanaey concept of Kasiyana qualifies in some pertinent areas of religious communication. The paper also presented how Kasiyana is intertwined with Christian teachings, making it more sensible to discuss as religious communication.

Keywords

Indigenous, cultural identity, cultural preservation, Kankanaey spirituality, Cordillera

References

Astley, Jeff. “In Defence of ‘Ordinary Theology.’” British Journal of Theological Education 13, no. 1 (2002): 21-35.

Astley, Jeff. Ordinary Theology: Looking, Listening and Learning in Theology. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2002.

Amevenku, Frederick Mawusi. “Jesus’s New Commandment in John 13: 34-35: ‘Love Your Neighbour More Than Yourself’ in Ethical Perspective.” Biblical Studies Journal 4, no. 1 (2022): 15-32.

Besao NHS – SHS. “A Bit of Igorot Culture: Kasiyana. March 26, 2020. https://m.facebook.com/besaonhsshs/posts/2578260062411910.

Cadingpal, Brandon B. “‘Tengaw’ Observance: The Kankanaeys Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic.” Asian Research Center for Religion and Social Communication 19, no. 2 (2021): 283-310.

Cadingpal, Brandon B. ‘Kasiyana’ as Ordinary Theology: The Case of the Covid-19 Survivors. MA Thesis, Saint Louis University, 2023.

Chang, William. “The Love Commandment (John 13: 34-35).” Asia Journal of Theology 28, no. 2 (2014): 263-282.

Creswell, John W., and J. David Creswell. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. California, USA: Sage Publications, 2017.

Daiute, Collete, and Katherine Nelson. “Making Sense of the Sense-making.” Journal of Narrative and Life History 7, no. 1-4 (1997): 207-215.

Degawan, Minnie. “‘Kasiyanna’- an Indigenous Community Coping Mechanism for Disasters like Pandemics.” IUCN.org, accessed January 15, 2022, https://www.iucn.org/news/commission-environmental-economic-and-social-policy/202004/kasiyanna-indigenous-community-coping-mechanism-disasters-pandemics

Degawan, Minnie. “Kasiyana: Particular Challenges of Indigenous Peoples in Facing COVID-19.” Cultural Survival accessed January 15, 2022. https://www.culturalsurvival.org/news/kasiyanna-particular-challenges-indigenous-peoples-facing-covid19.

Igorot People. “Inayan ya Kasiyana, Taboo and Hopefully.” Last modified April 6, 2007. http://igorotpeople.blogspot.com/2007/04/inayan-ya-kasiyana-taboo-and-hopefully.html

Igorotage. “Kasiyana (A Kankanaey Optimism).” Igorotage.com, accessed January 17, 2024. https://www.igorotage.com/blog/p/9ykoZ/kasiyana-a-Kankanaey-optimism

Krier Mich, Marvin L. Catholic Social Teaching and Movements. Connecticut, USA: Twenty-Third Publications, 1998.

Mahuika, Nepia. Rethinking Oral History and Tradition: An Indigenous Perspective. New York, USA: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Massaro, Thomas, S. J. Living Justice: Catholic Social Teaching in Action. Washington DC, USA: Rowman & Littlefield, 2023.

Mattison, William C. Introducing Moral Theology: True Happiness and the Virtues. Michigan, USA: Brazos Press, 2008.

Meilaender, Gilbert. “The Virtues: A Theological Analysis.” In Virtue and Medicine: Explorations in the Character of Medicine, edited by Earl E. Shelp, 151-171. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1985.

Naudé, Piet J. “Is Prophetic Discourse Adequate to Address Global Economic Justice?” HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies 67, no. 1 (2011), 1-8.

Ngalob, Roland. “A Bit of Igorot Culture: Kasiyana.” Igorot Culture and Identities, Facebook, April 12, 2020. https://www.facebook.com/groups/543461166304661/posts/551971292120315/.

Palmer, Michael D. “Ethical Formation: The Theological Virtues.” The Holy Spirit and Christian Formation: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (2016): 107-125.

Partners for Indigenous Knowledge Philippines. “Kasiyana Series.” Philippine Task Force for Indigenous Peoples Rights & Partners for Indigenous Knowledge Philippines, Last modified September 4, 2023. https://pikp.org/category/kasiyana-series/.

Wawrykow, Joseph P. “The Theological Virtues.” In The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas, edited by Brian Davies. Oxford Handbooks (2012; online edition, Oxford Academic, May 1, 2012). https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780195326093.013.0023.

Wright, Robin M. “Indigenous Religious Traditions.” In Religions of the World: An Introduction to Culture and Meaning, edited by L. E. Sullivan, 31-60. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2013.


Pages 444-469

DOI: https://doi.org/10.62461/BCP041124

Submitted: February 15, 2024; Accepted: April 11, 2024; Published: June 30, 2024 



front-cover-small-1715860575.jpg
Share